Our Identities under Arrest report

Our Identities under Arrest report

Arrests and prosecutions for consensual same-sex sexual acts, or for diverse gender expressions, continue unabated across the world. And yet, they are considerably under-reported.

Our Identities Under Arrest is a brand-new publication by ILGA World offering a global overview of the enforcement of laws criminalising consensual same-sex sexual acts between adults and diverse gender expressions.

The report reviews over a thousand cases in which law enforcements subjected LGBT and gender-diverse persons to fines, arbitrary arrests, prosecutions, corporal punishments, imprisonments and more – up to (possibly) the death penalty.

Governments often argue that criminalising laws are ‘dormant’, but this report offers evidence that such claims are largely inaccurate. How – and how often – they are enforced can vary abruptly and in unpredictable ways, making both our communities on the ground and asylum seekers who managed to flee live perpetually under threat.

The report will be of great value to the advocacy work of human rights defenders. It will assist asylum seekers and the legal experts working on their cases. And it will provide researchers, media outlets, governmental and global agencies with the necessary information to build a holistic picture of how the criminalisation on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression really looks like.

Our Identities under Arrest report: latest edition

The latest edition of the report was released on 30 November 2023.


Download the Our Identities under Arrest report in English | in Spanish | in French


or follow this link to read a press release about the publication


The 2023 edition of the report was written by Kellyn Botha, and edited by Lucas Ramón Mendos. The report is released under an Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.

Suggested citation: ILGA World: Kellyn Botha, Our identities under arrest: A global overview on the enforcement of laws criminalising consensual same-sex sexual acts between adults and diverse gender expressions (Geneva: ILGA, November 2023).

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