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PARAGUAY

Male to Male relationships: Legal
Punishments for male to male relationships: No law
Female to Female Relationships: Legal
Age of consent: Different for heterosexuals and homosexuals
Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law
Adoption: Yes
Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?: No
Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces: Yes

Your Views

Are you LGBTI? We want to hear from you! Help us inform other users of the site with your views on this country. Below is a random question about this country. If it is relevant to you please answer it.

Have you undergone medical procedures in PARAGUAY for transition relating to gender identity?
Yes, and the treatment was excellent (0 %) Yes, and the treatment was fair (0 %) Yes, and the treatment was poor (0 %) No (0 %)

The PARAGUAY country survey is populated by LGBTI groups who have acted as liaisons with ILGA to identify issues affecting the LGBTI community.

Organizations were asked to discuss 4 broad subjects: the law, the mood (the social climate), the LGBTI movement as well as what would be, according to them, the most pressing campaign in their country.

Please write to countryreport@ilga.org if you have comments regarding this page.

LAW
What are the laws and policies like for LGBTI people in your country?

Male to Male Relationships

Are male to male sexual relationships legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
Si bien las relaciones entre varones o entre mujeres no están penalizadas,el código penal castiga con mayor dureza los actos homosexuales con menores,estableciendo una diferenciación entre el abuso de personas del mismo sexo yde sexos opuestos. En el articulo 138 tipifica el delito de ‘actos homosexuales con menores” que es penado con dos años de cárcel, frente a los actos heterosexuales que no son definidos de esa manera pero que son penados solo con multa.
Esta legislación ha sido aplicada de manera arbitraria para penalizar a los varones homosexuales adultos ya que la ley establece que la definición de actos sexuales queda a criterio del juez interviniente, y debe considerar a cualquier acto que provoque una respuesta erótica, por lo que una mirada ya puede ser considerada como tal.
Esta legislación no concuerda con la Constitución Nacional que declara en su articulo 46 “todos los paraguayos son iguales. No se admiten discriminaciones. El Estado removerá todos los obstáculos que impidan la plena igualdad de sus ciudadanos”. De esta manera, el orden constitucional es el que los activistas actualmente utilizamos para defendernos en casos de
discriminación.

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
No

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
No law

Fines or restrictions or penal labour

Is it often applied?
No

How regularly?
Se tienen registrado unicamente dos casos en los ultimos cinco años.

When was the last time it was applied?
200903280000

What happened then?
Existió una solicitud de investigación a un activista del país, enmarcada en una campaña de ataque al movimiento, la cual fué desestimada por la fiscalía (Ministerio Público) basándose en el principio de igualdad ante la ley de la Constitución, sentando un precedente de invalidez constitucional del Art. 138 del Código Penal.

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Were there men in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months in your country?
No

Are hate crimes based on sexual orientation considered an aggravating circumstance?
No

Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation is prohibited?
No

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Female to Female Relationships

Are female to female sexual relations legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Does the law applying for men also apply for women?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
18800000

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
N/A

Were there women in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months?
N/A

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Age of Consent

Are there any age of consent laws for straight men or women?
Yes

Are the age of consent laws different for straight women to those for men?
No

What is the age of consent for males?
16

What is the age of consent for females?
16

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians and gay men to that for straight men and women?
Different for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians to that for gay men?
No

What is the age of consent for gay women?
16

What is the age of consent for gay men?
16

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
Código Penal - Artículo 137

What is the full text of this law?
El Artículo 135 del Código Penal Paraguayo, que cubre el abuso sexual de menores, define "niño", a efectos de este artículo, como cualquier persona menor de 14 años (ver la cláusula octava). Los actos sexuales en general con un niño menor de 14 años se castigan con hasta tres años en prisión o una multa (cláusula primera). Las mismas penas se aplicarán cuando los actos sexuales son realizados por el adulto frente a un menor de 14 años o están dirigidos a éste, o cuando se induce al niño a practicarlo (con otro niño) frente a un adulto o con una tercera persona. En caso de penetración sexual ("coito"), la pena se agrava a entre dos y diez años en prisión (cláusula cuarta). Cuando el agresor es menor de 18 años, las acusaciones pueden retirarse (cláusula sexta).
Casamiento y adulterio.
Existe también en Paraguay otro crimen llamado estupro (Artículo 137), que se define como "sexo extramarital" (adulterio) practicado con adolescentes de entre 14 y 16 años. Este crimen se castiga con una multa y se aplica cuando uno de los involucrados está casado. Cuando el agresor es menor de 18 años, las acusaciones pueden retirarse.
El Artículo 137 del Código Penal dice: "El hombre que persuade a una mujer de entre 14 y 16 años a realizar el coito extramarital (relaciones sexuales) será castigado con una multa; Cuando el demandado es menor de 18 años, puede desestimarse la pena."

Was the age of consent different between LGBTI/Hetero people in any given time of your country's history?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
196708250000

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

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Freedom of association, of expression

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of expression?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
199206200000

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
CONSTITUCIÓN NACIONAL, CAPÍTULO II, DE LA LIBERTAD, Artículo 42 - DE LA LIBERTAD DE ASOCIACIÓN

What is the full text of this law?
Artículo 25 - DE LA EXPRESIÓN DE LA PERSONALIDAD

Toda persona tiene el derecho a la libre expresión de su personalidad, a la creatividad y a la formación de su propia identidad e imagen.

Se garantiza el pluralismo ideológico.

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of association?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
199206200000

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
CONSTITUCIÓN NACIONAL, CAPÍTULO II, DE LA LIBERTAD Artículo 25 - DE LA EXPRESIÓN DE LA PERSONALIDAD

What is the full text of this law?
Artículo 42 - DE LA LIBERTAD DE ASOCIACIÓN

Toda persona es libre de asociarse o agremiarse con fines lícitos, así como nadie está obligado a pertenecer a determinada asociación. La forma de colegiación profesional será reglamentada por ley. Están prohibidas las asociaciones secretas y las de carácter paramilitar.

Are public demonstrations (marches,protest,parades,etc) by sexual minorities permitted?
Yes

Were public authorities usually collaborative at last events?
Yes

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Did recent events see episodes of violence?
No

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Links related to this section
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section
N/A

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage

Is there any type of legal recognition for same sex relationships?
No

What types of same sex partnerships are recognized?
No law

If unclear, how so?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the country recognize same sex partnerships or marriages when couples immigrate?
No recognition

Links related to this section

  • N/A

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LGBTI Families/Parenting

Can gay or lesbian individuals adopt children?
Yes

In which areas can individuals adopt?
La ley actualmente no reconoce a las parejas de personas del mismo sexo, por cuanto es privativo para las personas LGTBI la adopción conjunta.
Sin embargo, la ley de adopciones no discrimina a las personas por orientación sexual en caso de que deseen adoptar como individuos.

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
Ley No. 1136/97 de Adopciones - Articulo 10

What is the full text of this law?
Artículo 10.- Pueden adoptar personas de uno u otro sexo, independientemente de su estado
civil. Tendrán preferencia en igualdad de condiciones los matrimonios, las uniones de hecho y
las mujeres.
Los cónyuges deberán tener tres años de matrimonio y las uniones de hecho cuatro años de
vida en común como mínimo.

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
199709180000

Can same sex couples adopt children together?
No

In which areas can couples adopt?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is second parent adoption by same sex couples legal?
No

In which areas is second parent adoption legal?
N/A

Legal recognition of parental role of a non biological parent
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of the law (chapter,section...) ?
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Lesbians can receive donor insemination services and fertility treatments
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

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Anti-discrimination laws

Does the law prohibit discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation?
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment?
The national law does not but some areas do

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
199201010000

Are trade unions actively supporting LGBTI people in the country?
Yes

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in social services
No

Links related to this section

  • N/A

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Armed forces

Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces
Yes

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

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Asylum and Immigration

Prohibition on entry into the country by LGB people
No

Country grants asylum on the basis of sexual orientation
Unclear

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

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Blood donation

Is blood donation by men who have sex with men permitted?
No

Is blood donation by women who have sex with women permitted?
No law

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood permanently?
Yes

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood permanently?
No law

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
No

How long is the ban?
N/A

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
No

How long is the ban?
N/A

Does a law mention this?
No

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

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Gender identity

Is there a clear legal difference between homosexuality and transgenderism?
No

Do the same laws that ban homosexuality apply for trans individuals?
Yes

Laws prohibiting discrimination on the ground of gender identity
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is transgenderism classified as an illness?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Were there individuals in jail or punished for being transgender in the last twelve months in your country?
No

Is sex reassignment treatment and/or surgery under legal control?
No

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?
No

What are the requirements for one to change their gender?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your name on official documents?
No

What are the requirements to change your name?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of gender identity in employment?
No

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of gender identity in social services
No

Trans individuals able to serve in the armed forces
No

Country grants asylum on the basis of gender identity
Unclear

Does a law mention this?
No

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Have the country’s citizens been granted asylum on the basis of gender identity?
Unclear

Are hate crimes based on gender identity considered an aggravating circumstance?
No

Links related to this section

  • N/A

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HIV/AIDS

What estimated percentage of the population is HIV+?
0-1%

Compulsory testing for HIV
No

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can place people with HIV in quarantine
No

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can ban foreigners with HIV from entry
No

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can expel foreigners with HIV
No

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Antiretroviral drugs provided by the government
Yes

Please Specify
Toda la terapia ARV está garantizada por ley a todos los habitantes que la requieran.

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