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KOREA, REPUBLIC OF

Male to Male relationships: Legal
Punishments for male to male relationships: No law
Female to Female Relationships: Legal
Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals
Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?: Yes, but only with sex reassignment surgery
Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces: No

Your Views

Are you LGBTI? We want to hear from you! Help us inform other users of the site with your views on this country. Below is a random question about this country. If it is relevant to you please answer it.

Has being trans affected your job in KOREA, REPUBLIC OF? Do you feel limited in your career for being trans?
In too many ways to count (0 %) I changed careers because I am trans (0 %) I feel that I wasn’t promoted because I am trans (0 %) My co-workers harass me because I am trans (0 %) I have not been limited for being trans, though I am out at work (0 %)

The KOREA, REPUBLIC OF country survey is populated by LGBTI groups who have acted as liaisons with ILGA to identify issues affecting the LGBTI community.

Organizations were asked to discuss 4 broad subjects: the law, the mood (the social climate), the LGBTI movement as well as what would be, according to them, the most pressing campaign in their country.

Please write to countryreport@ilga.org if you have comments regarding this page.

LAW
What are the laws and policies like for LGBTI people in your country?

Male to Male Relationships

Are male to male sexual relationships legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
No

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
No law

Were there men in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months in your country?
N/A

Are hate crimes based on sexual orientation considered an aggravating circumstance?
N/A

Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation is prohibited?
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Female to Female Relationships

Are female to female sexual relations legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Does the law applying for men also apply for women?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
N/A

Were there women in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months?
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Age of Consent

Are there any age of consent laws for straight men or women?
N/A

Are the age of consent laws different for straight women to those for men?
N/A

What is the age of consent for males?
N/A

What is the age of consent for females?
N/A

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians and gay men to that for straight men and women?
Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians to that for gay men?
N/A

What is the age of consent for gay women?
N/A

What is the age of consent for gay men?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Was the age of consent different between LGBTI/Hetero people in any given time of your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Freedom of association, of expression

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of expression?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
There are a number of LGBTI organizations in South Korea, primarily starting at the end of the 1980s. The organization with the largest staff and offices is ISHAP, the gay-run HIV/AIDS organization. But unlike other parts of Asia, some advocacy or rights organizations also have offices and paid staff. The annual pride parade celebrated its tenth anniversary in 2009. There are gay bars and lesbian bars. One gay magazine is published, but does not get distributed to regular magazine outlets. It is available in some bars.

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of association?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Are public demonstrations (marches,protest,parades,etc) by sexual minorities permitted?
N/A

Were public authorities usually collaborative at last events?
N/A

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Did recent events see episodes of violence?
N/A

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Links related to this section
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section
N/A

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage

Is there any type of legal recognition for same sex relationships?
No

What types of same sex partnerships are recognized?
N/A

If unclear, how so?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the country recognize same sex partnerships or marriages when couples immigrate?
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

LGBTI Families/Parenting

Can gay or lesbian individuals adopt children?
N/A

In which areas can individuals adopt?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Can same sex couples adopt children together?
N/A

In which areas can couples adopt?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is second parent adoption by same sex couples legal?
N/A

In which areas is second parent adoption legal?
N/A

Legal recognition of parental role of a non biological parent
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of the law (chapter,section...) ?
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Lesbians can receive donor insemination services and fertility treatments
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Anti-discrimination laws

Does the law prohibit discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation?
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Are trade unions actively supporting LGBTI people in the country?
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in social services
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Armed forces

Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces
No

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Asylum and Immigration

Prohibition on entry into the country by LGB people
No

Country grants asylum on the basis of sexual orientation
Yes

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Blood donation

Is blood donation by men who have sex with men permitted?
N/A

Is blood donation by women who have sex with women permitted?
N/A

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood permanently?
N/A

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood permanently?
N/A

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
N/A

How long is the ban?
N/A

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
N/A

How long is the ban?
N/A

Does a law mention this?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Gender identity

Is there a clear legal difference between homosexuality and transgenderism?
Yes

Do the same laws that ban homosexuality apply for trans individuals?
N/A

Laws prohibiting discrimination on the ground of gender identity
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is transgenderism classified as an illness?
No

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Were there individuals in jail or punished for being transgender in the last twelve months in your country?
N/A

Is sex reassignment treatment and/or surgery under legal control?
Yes

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?
Yes, but only with sex reassignment surgery

What are the requirements for one to change their gender?
Requirements are strict. The person must be sterile, for example. A medical diagnosis of GID is required. The requirements are set out in guidelines drafted by the Supreme Court after its ruling in 2006 that the government must change documents in proper cases.

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your name on official documents?
Yes

What are the requirements to change your name?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of gender identity in employment?
No

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of gender identity in social services
No

Trans individuals able to serve in the armed forces
No

Country grants asylum on the basis of gender identity
N/A

Does a law mention this?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Have the country’s citizens been granted asylum on the basis of gender identity?
N/A

Are hate crimes based on gender identity considered an aggravating circumstance?
No

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

HIV/AIDS

What estimated percentage of the population is HIV+?
N/A

Compulsory testing for HIV
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can place people with HIV in quarantine
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can ban foreigners with HIV from entry
Yes

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can expel foreigners with HIV
Yes

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Antiretroviral drugs provided by the government
N/A

Please Specify
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

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