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UNITED STATES

Male to Male relationships: Legal
Punishments for male to male relationships: No law
Female to Female Relationships: Legal
Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals
Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: Marriage laws vary in this country depending on area
Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?: Only in some areas
Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces: Yes

Your Views

Are you LGBTI? We want to hear from you! Help us inform other users of the site with your views on this country. Below is a random question about this country. If it is relevant to you please answer it.

Are you married to your same-sex partner in UNITED STATES?

The majority of people visiting this site have said No

Yes, I married here (25%) Yes, I was married in another country (0 %) No, but we have a civil partnership (0 %) No (74%)

The UNITED STATES country survey is populated by LGBTI groups who have acted as liaisons with ILGA to identify issues affecting the LGBTI community.

Organizations were asked to discuss 4 broad subjects: the law, the mood (the social climate), the LGBTI movement as well as what would be, according to them, the most pressing campaign in their country.

Please write to countryreport@ilga.org if you have comments regarding this page.

LAW
What are the laws and policies like for LGBTI people in your country?

Male to Male Relationships

Are male to male sexual relationships legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
No law

Were there men in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months in your country?
N/A

Are hate crimes based on sexual orientation considered an aggravating circumstance?
Only in some areas

Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation is prohibited?
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Female to Female Relationships

Are female to female sexual relations legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Does the law applying for men also apply for women?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
N/A

Were there women in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months?
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

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Links related to this section

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Age of Consent

Are there any age of consent laws for straight men or women?
N/A

Are the age of consent laws different for straight women to those for men?
N/A

What is the age of consent for males?
N/A

What is the age of consent for females?
N/A

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians and gay men to that for straight men and women?
Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians to that for gay men?
N/A

What is the age of consent for gay women?
N/A

What is the age of consent for gay men?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Was the age of consent different between LGBTI/Hetero people in any given time of your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

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Freedom of association, of expression

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of expression?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of association?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Are public demonstrations (marches,protest,parades,etc) by sexual minorities permitted?
N/A

Were public authorities usually collaborative at last events?
N/A

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Did recent events see episodes of violence?
N/A

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Links related to this section
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section
N/A

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage

Is there any type of legal recognition for same sex relationships?
N/A

What types of same sex partnerships are recognized?
Marriage laws vary in this country depending on area

If unclear, how so?
Marriage is recognized in Connecticut (since 2008), Iowa (27-apr-2009), Maine (14-sep-2009),Massachusetts (2004) and Vermont (1-sep-2009). In some other states and a number of cities and towns there is a substitute to marriage and these vary in that some are equal and others clearly inferior.

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the country recognize same sex partnerships or marriages when couples immigrate?
N/A

Links related to this section

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Uploaded documents for this section

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LGBTI Families/Parenting

Can gay or lesbian individuals adopt children?
N/A

In which areas can individuals adopt?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Can same sex couples adopt children together?
Only in some areas

In which areas can couples adopt?
In some parts

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is second parent adoption by same sex couples legal?
N/A

In which areas is second parent adoption legal?
N/A

Legal recognition of parental role of a non biological parent
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of the law (chapter,section...) ?
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Lesbians can receive donor insemination services and fertility treatments
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

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Anti-discrimination laws

Does the law prohibit discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation?
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment?
The national law does not but some areas do

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Are trade unions actively supporting LGBTI people in the country?
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in social services
N/A

Links related to this section

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Uploaded documents for this section

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Armed forces

Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces
Yes

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
US CODE 10,654: Policy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces

What is the full text of this law?
(a) Findings.— Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Section 8 of article I of the Constitution of the United States commits exclusively to the Congress the powers to raise and support armies, provide and maintain a Navy, and make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces.
(2) There is no constitutional right to serve in the armed forces.
(3) Pursuant to the powers conferred by section 8 of article I of the Constitution of the United States, it lies within the discretion of the Congress to establish qualifications for and conditions of service in the armed forces.
(4) The primary purpose of the armed forces is to prepare for and to prevail in combat should the need arise.
(5) The conduct of military operations requires members of the armed forces to make extraordinary sacrifices, including the ultimate sacrifice, in order to provide for the common defense.
(6) Success in combat requires military units that are characterized by high morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion.
(7) One of the most critical elements in combat capability is unit cohesion, that is, the bonds of trust among individual service members that make the combat effectiveness of a military unit greater than the sum of the combat effectiveness of the individual unit members.
(8) Military life is fundamentally different from civilian life in that—
(A) the extraordinary responsibilities of the armed forces, the unique conditions of military service, and the critical role of unit cohesion, require that the military community, while subject to civilian control, exist as a specialized society; and
(B) the military society is characterized by its own laws, rules, customs, and traditions, including numerous restrictions on personal behavior, that would not be acceptable in civilian society.
(9) The standards of conduct for members of the armed forces regulate a member’s life for 24 hours each day beginning at the moment the member enters military status and not ending until that person is discharged or otherwise separated from the armed forces.
(10) Those standards of conduct, including the Uniform Code of Military Justice, apply to a member of the armed forces at all times that the member has a military status, whether the member is on base or off base, and whether the member is on duty or off duty.
(11) The pervasive application of the standards of conduct is necessary because members of the armed forces must be ready at all times for worldwide deployment to a combat environment.
(12) The worldwide deployment of United States military forces, the international responsibilities of the United States, and the potential for involvement of the armed forces in actual combat routinely make it necessary for members of the armed forces involuntarily to accept living conditions and working conditions that are often spartan, primitive, and characterized by forced intimacy with little or no privacy.
(13) The prohibition against homosexual conduct is a longstanding element of military law that continues to be necessary in the unique circumstances of military service.
(14) The armed forces must maintain personnel policies that exclude persons whose presence in the armed forces would create an unacceptable risk to the armed forces’ high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion that are the essence of military capability.
(15) The presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion that are the essence of military capability.
(b) Policy.— A member of the armed forces shall be separated from the armed forces under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense if one or more of the following findings is made and approved in accordance with procedures set forth in such regulations:
(1) That the member has engaged in, attempted to engage in, or solicited another to engage in a homosexual act or acts unless there are further findings, made and approved in accordance with procedures set forth in such regulations, that the member has demonstrated that—
(A) such conduct is a departure from the member’s usual and customary behavior;
(B) such conduct, under all the circumstances, is unlikely to recur;
(C) such conduct was not accomplished by use of force, coercion, or intimidation;
(D) under the particular circumstances of the case, the member’s continued presence in the armed forces is consistent with the interests of the armed forces in proper discipline, good order, and morale; and
(E) the member does not have a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts.
(2) That the member has stated that he or she is a homosexual or bisexual, or words to that effect, unless there is a further finding, made and approved in accordance with procedures set forth in the regulations, that the member has demonstrated that he or she is not a person who engages in, attempts to engage in, has a propensity to engage in, or intends to engage in homosexual acts.
(3) That the member has married or attempted to marry a person known to be of the same biological sex.
(c) Entry Standards and Documents.—
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the standards for enlistment and appointment of members of the armed forces reflect the policies set forth in subsection (b).
(2) The documents used to effectuate the enlistment or appointment of a person as a member of the armed forces shall set forth the provisions of subsection (b).
(d) Required Briefings.— The briefings that members of the armed forces receive upon entry into the armed forces and periodically thereafter under section 937 of this title (article 137 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) shall include a detailed explanation of the applicable laws and regulations governing sexual conduct by members of the armed forces, including the policies prescribed under subsection (b).
(e) Rule of Construction.— Nothing in subsection (b) shall be construed to require that a member of the armed forces be processed for separation from the armed forces when a determination is made in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense that—
(1) the member engaged in conduct or made statements for the purpose of avoiding or terminating military service; and
(2) separation of the member would not be in the best interest of the armed forces.
(f) Definitions.— In this section:
(1) The term “homosexual” means a person, regardless of sex, who engages in, attempts to engage in, has a propensity to engage in, or intends to engage in homosexual acts, and includes the terms “gay” and “lesbian”.
(2) The term “bisexual” means a person who engages in, attempts to engage in, has a propensity to engage in, or intends to engage in homosexual and heterosexual acts.
(3) The term “homosexual act” means—
(A) any bodily contact, actively undertaken or passively permitted, between members of the same sex for the purpose of satisfying sexual desires; and
(B) any bodily contact which a reasonable person would understand to demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in an act described in subparagraph (A).

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

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Asylum and Immigration

Prohibition on entry into the country by LGB people
No

Country grants asylum on the basis of sexual orientation
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

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Blood donation

Is blood donation by men who have sex with men permitted?
No

Is blood donation by women who have sex with women permitted?
Yes

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood permanently?
Yes

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood permanently?
Yes

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
Yes

How long is the ban?
Permanent deferral for Men who have had sex Men since 1977.

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
No

How long is the ban?
N/A

Does a law mention this?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Links related to this section

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Gender identity

Is there a clear legal difference between homosexuality and transgenderism?
N/A

Do the same laws that ban homosexuality apply for trans individuals?
N/A

Laws prohibiting discrimination on the ground of gender identity
Only in some areas

In which areas?
In some parts.

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is transgenderism classified as an illness?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Were there individuals in jail or punished for being transgender in the last twelve months in your country?
N/A

Is sex reassignment treatment and/or surgery under legal control?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?
Only in some areas

What are the requirements for one to change their gender?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your name on official documents?
N/A

What are the requirements to change your name?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of gender identity in employment?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of gender identity in social services
N/A

Trans individuals able to serve in the armed forces
N/A

Country grants asylum on the basis of gender identity
N/A

Does a law mention this?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Have the country’s citizens been granted asylum on the basis of gender identity?
N/A

Are hate crimes based on gender identity considered an aggravating circumstance?
Only in some areas

Links related to this section

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Uploaded documents for this section

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HIV/AIDS

What estimated percentage of the population is HIV+?
N/A

Compulsory testing for HIV
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can place people with HIV in quarantine
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can ban foreigners with HIV from entry
No

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can expel foreigners with HIV
Yes

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Antiretroviral drugs provided by the government
N/A

Please Specify
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

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