Sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) was included in the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the Republic Act No. 10627, otherwise known, as the “Anti-Bullying Act of 2013″. The IRR was signed on December 13 by Bro. Armin A. Luistro, FSC, Secretary of the Department of Education (DepEd).
Under Rule II: Definition of Terms of the IRR, “bullying” is defined as “any severe, or repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at another student that has the effect of actually causing or placing the latter in reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm or damage to his property; creating a hostile environment at school for the other student; infringing on the rights of another student at school; or materially and substantially disrupting the education process or the orderly operation of a school”.
These acts include: unwanted physical contact between the bully and the victim like punching, pushing, shoving, kicking, slapping, tickling, headlocks, inflicting school pranks, teasing, fighting and the use of available objects as weapons; any act that causes damage to a victim’s psyche and/or emotional well-being; any slanderous statement or accusation that causes the victim undue emotional distress; and “cyber- bullying”.
These acts also include “gender-based bullying”, which is “any act that humiliates or excludes a person on the basis of perceived or actual SOGI.”