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BAHRAIN

Male to Male relationships: Legal
Punishments for male to male relationships: No law
Female to Female Relationships: Legal
Age of consent: Different for heterosexuals and homosexuals
Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?: Only in some areas

Your Views

Are you LGBTI? We want to hear from you! Help us inform other users of the site with your views on this country. Below is a random question about this country. If it is relevant to you please answer it.

Has your sexual orientation affected your job in BAHRAIN? Do you feel limited in your career by your sexual orientation?

The majority of people visiting this site have said In too many ways to count

In too many ways to count (100%) I changed careers because of my sexual orientation (0 %) I feel that I wasn’t promoted because I am lesbian or gay (0 %) My co-workers harass me because of my sexual orientation (0 %) I have not been limited by my sexual orientation, though I am out at work (0 %)

The BAHRAIN country survey is populated by LGBTI groups who have acted as liaisons with ILGA to identify issues affecting the LGBTI community.

Organizations were asked to discuss 4 broad subjects: the law, the mood (the social climate), the LGBTI movement as well as what would be, according to them, the most pressing campaign in their country.

Please write to countryreport@ilga.org if you have comments regarding this page.

LAW
What are the laws and policies like for LGBTI people in your country?

Male to Male Relationships

Are male to male sexual relationships legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
/1956

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
A new Penal Code was enacted in 1976 and this repealed the old Penal Code of the Persian Gulf imposed by the British. Contrary to the previous second-hand source used in the report the Penal Code allows sodomy from the age of 21, and therefore sodomy was decriminalised as of adoption of the new code.

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
No law

Were there men in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months in your country?
N/A

Are hate crimes based on sexual orientation considered an aggravating circumstance?
N/A

Incitement to hatred based on sexual orientation is prohibited?
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Female to Female Relationships

Are female to female sexual relations legal?
Legal

If unclear, how so?
N/A

Does the law applying for men also apply for women?
N/A

Was it illegal at any given time in your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

What exactly is prohibited?
N/A

What are the punishments?
N/A

Were there women in jail or punished for same sex activity in the last twelve months?
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Age of Consent

Are there any age of consent laws for straight men or women?
Yes

Are the age of consent laws different for straight women to those for men?
Yes

What is the age of consent for males?
15

What is the age of consent for females?
15 but 21 for those who want to marry without the consent of their father

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians and gay men to that for straight men and women?
Different for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Is there a different age of consent law for lesbians to that for gay men?
N/A

What is the age of consent for gay women?
N/A

What is the age of consent for gay men?
21

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Was the age of consent different between LGBTI/Hetero people in any given time of your country's history?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

When was the law removed? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Freedom of association, of expression

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of expression?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bahrain, Article 23, guarantees freedom of opinion.

What is the full text of this law?
Article 23. Freedom of opinion and scientific research is guaranteed. Everyone has the rights to express his opinion and publish it by word of mouth, in writing or otherwise under the rules and conditions laid down by law, provided that the fundamental beliefs of Islamic doctrien are not infringed, the unity of the people is not prejudiced, and discord or sectarianism is not aroused.

Does the country have laws protecting freedom of association?
Yes

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bahrain, Article 27, guarantees freedom of association.

What is the full text of this law?
Article 27. The freedom to form associations and unions on national principles, for lawful objectives and by peaceful means is guaranteed under the rules and conditions laid down by law, provided that the fundamentals of the religion and public order are not infringed. No one can be forced to join any association or union or to continue as a member.

Are public demonstrations (marches,protest,parades,etc) by sexual minorities permitted?
N/A

Were public authorities usually collaborative at last events?
N/A

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Did recent events see episodes of violence?
N/A

Here you can list the various times this occurred and tell us what happened then
N/A

Links related to this section
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section
N/A

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage

Is there any type of legal recognition for same sex relationships?
No

What types of same sex partnerships are recognized?
N/A

If unclear, how so?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the country recognize same sex partnerships or marriages when couples immigrate?
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

LGBTI Families/Parenting

Can gay or lesbian individuals adopt children?
N/A

In which areas can individuals adopt?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Can same sex couples adopt children together?
N/A

In which areas can couples adopt?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is second parent adoption by same sex couples legal?
N/A

In which areas is second parent adoption legal?
N/A

Legal recognition of parental role of a non biological parent
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of the law (chapter,section...) ?
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Lesbians can receive donor insemination services and fertility treatments
N/A

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Anti-discrimination laws

Does the law prohibit discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation?
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Are trade unions actively supporting LGBTI people in the country?
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in social services
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Armed forces

Gay or lesbian able to serve in the armed forces
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Asylum and Immigration

Prohibition on entry into the country by LGB people
No

Country grants asylum on the basis of sexual orientation
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Blood donation

Is blood donation by men who have sex with men permitted?
N/A

Is blood donation by women who have sex with women permitted?
N/A

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood permanently?
N/A

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood permanently?
N/A

Is a man who’s had sex with another man banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
N/A

How long is the ban?
N/A

Is a woman who’s had sex with another woman banned from donating blood for a certain period of time?
N/A

How long is the ban?
N/A

Does a law mention this?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Links related to this section

  • N/A

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

Gender identity

Is there a clear legal difference between homosexuality and transgenderism?
N/A

Do the same laws that ban homosexuality apply for trans individuals?
N/A

Laws prohibiting discrimination on the ground of gender identity
No

In which areas?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is transgenderism classified as an illness?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Were there individuals in jail or punished for being transgender in the last twelve months in your country?
N/A

Is sex reassignment treatment and/or surgery under legal control?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your gender on official documents?
Only in some areas

What are the requirements for one to change their gender?
Legal petition to change one's sex. However, according to Muslm scholars, changing one's sex is forbidden unless it is related to an intersex condition. See news link related to this section, "Bahraini woman wins battle to become a man".

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Is it possible to change your name on official documents?
N/A

What are the requirements to change your name?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Does the law ban discrimination on the basis of gender identity in employment?
N/A

What is the name of this law? (if applicable - please give chapter and section)
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

When was the law introduced? (DD/MM/YYYY)
N/A

Laws banning discrimination on the basis of gender identity in social services
N/A

Trans individuals able to serve in the armed forces
N/A

Country grants asylum on the basis of gender identity
N/A

Does a law mention this?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Have the country’s citizens been granted asylum on the basis of gender identity?
N/A

Are hate crimes based on gender identity considered an aggravating circumstance?
N/A

Links related to this section

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

HIV/AIDS

What estimated percentage of the population is HIV+?
0-1%

Compulsory testing for HIV
No

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can place people with HIV in quarantine
N/A

What is the full text of this law?
N/A

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can ban foreigners with HIV from entry
Yes

What is the full text of this law?
All foreign citizens (workers, family, etc.) applying for residence permits must submit locally performed medical exams, including HIV tests. Anyone who tested positive is immediately deported.

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Country can expel foreigners with HIV
Yes

What is the full text of this law?
All foreign citizens (workers, family, etc.) applying for residence permits must submit locally performed medical exams, including HIV tests. Anyone who tested positive is immediately deported. But no restrictions for tourists.

Is it often applied?
N/A

How regularly?
N/A

When was the last time it was applied?
N/A

Antiretroviral drugs provided by the government
N/A

Please Specify
N/A

Links related to this section

Uploaded documents for this section

  • N/A

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