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Governments Condemn Extrajudicial Executions in Seminal UN Vote

in WORLD, 27/11/2012

Historic First Condemnation of Killings Based on Gender Identity. An international coalition of organizations dedicated to human rights celebrates the historic vote in the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly to pass a resolution condemning extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.

An international coalition of organizations dedicated to human rights celebrated yesterday’s historic vote in the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly to pass resolution A/C.3/67/L.36 condemning extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. The vote reversed the events of 2010 when the same body voted to strip the resolution of reference to “sexual orientation.” The UNGA also expanded upon its commitment to the universality of human rights by including “gender identity” for the first time in the resolution’s history.

The resolution, which is introduced biennially in the Third Committee, urges States to protect the right to life of all people, including by calling upon states to investigate killings based on discriminatory grounds. It was introduced by the Government of Sweden and co-sponsored by 34 states from around the world.

For the past 12 years, this resolution has urged States "to investigate promptly and thoroughly all killings, including... all killings committed for any discriminatory reason, including sexual orientation." Apart from Human Rights Council resolution 17/19, it is the only UN resolution to make specific reference to sexual orientation. This year, the term “gender identity” was added to the list of categories vulnerable to extrajudicial killings.

At Tuesday’s session, the United Arab Emirates, speaking on behalf of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, presented an amendment that would have stripped the resolution of reference to “sexual orientation and gender identity” and substituted “or for any other reason.” The UAE proposal was rejected in a vote with 44 votes in favor, 86 against, and 31 abstentions and 32 absent. Another failed effort, led by the Holy See, would have stripped all specific references to groups at high risk for execution; however it was never formally introduced. The Third Committee also retained language expressing “deep concern” over the continuing instances of arbitrary killing resulting from the use of capital punishment in a manner that violates international law, which some States led by Singapore attempted to have deleted. The Singapore proposal was rejected in a vote with 50 votes in favor, 78 against, and 37 abstentions and 30 absent.

The full resolution passed with 108 votes in favor, 1 against, 65 abstentions, and 19 absent. (While the voting screen showed no vote from Trinidad & Tobago, the state representative took the floor after the tally to explain their intention to vote in favor of the full resolution.)Many governments, including Brazil, the United States and South Africa, among others, spoke out to condemn the proposed amendment to remove reference to sexual orientation and gender identity. The Government of Japan ended the silence that has often characterized the Asian Group’s participation on LGBT rights at the UNGA by stating, “We cannot tolerate any killings of persons because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. Our delegation voted against the proposed amendment to this paragraph because we think it is meaningful to mention such killings from the perspective of protecting the rights of LGBT people.”

Some governments condemned the reference to sexual orientation and gender identity, including Sudan on behalf of the Arab Group, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates on behalf of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Trinidad and Tobago stated that specific reference to “gender identity” presented a “particular challenge” for the country. Speaking frequently, the Government of Egypt stated that it was “gravely alarmed at the attempt to legitimate undetermined concepts like gender identity” by equating them with other forms of discrimination such as that based on race, color, sex, religion, and language. In reference to sexual orientation and gender identity, Egypt stated, “We are alarmed at the attempts to make new rights or new standards.”
The vote affirms the resolution’s dramatic conclusion in 2010. At that time, the Third Committee removed the reference to “sexual orientation” by a vote of 79 in favor, 70 opposed, with 17 abstaining and 26 not voting and was silent on “gender identity.” However, in a remarkable turn of events, the resolution was later introduced before the full General Assembly, which voted to reinstate the language by passing it 93 to 55, with 27 abstentions and 17 absent or not voting.

The states’ decision on Tuesday to support the inclusion of “sexual orientation” and introduce “gender identity” into the resolution is one more in a series of positive developments the UN and in regional human rights systems where there is increasingly recognition of the need for protection from discrimination regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity. The successful expansion of the resolution to include “gender identity” on Transgender Day of Remembrance, a day dedicated to those murdered as a result of their gender identity or expression, was particularly significant.

• For a full vote on the Singapore Amendment, click here. For a photograph of the vote, click here.
• For a full vote on the United Arab Emirates Amendment to remove sexual orientation and gender identity, click here. For a photograph of the vote, click here.
• For a full vote on the passage of the Extrajudicial, Summary and Arbitrary Executions Resolutions, click here. For a photograph of the vote, click here.

Action Canada for Population and Development, Canada
Neha Sood, neha@acpd.ca, +1-917-510-3714
Anjaree Thailand, Thailand
Anjana Suvarnananda, anjana42@gmail.com
Amnesty International, International
Jose Luis Diaz, JoseLuis.Diaz@amnesty.org,
Arc International, International
Kim Vance, kim@arc-international.net, +1-902-442-3630
COC Nederland, Netherlands
Philip Tijsma, ptijsma@coc.nl, +31.6.3958 3789
FARUG, Uganda
Kasha N. Jacqueline, kasha@faruganda.org, jnkasha@gmail.com, +256 (0) 31229 4863
For-SOGI, Thailand
Coordinator, ธรรมดา, supecha@gmail.com
Dédé Oetomo, doetomo@gmail.com, +62811311743
GATE: Global Action for Trans* Equality, International
Mauro Cabral, mcabral@transactivists.org, +54 (9) 11 65806999
Justus Eisfeld, jeisfeld@transactivists.org, +1-212-367-1304
Human Rights Watch, International
Graeme Reid, reidg@hrw.org, +1-212-216-1288
International Day Against Homophobia & Transphobia (IDAHO), International
Joel Bedos, , jbedos@dayagainsthomophobia.org, +33 6 64 71 59 21
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, International
Jessica Stern, jstern@iglhrc.org, +1-917-355-3262
International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), International
Renato Sabbadini, renato@ilga.org,+393356067158
International Commission of Jurists, International
Allison Jernow, allison.jernow@icj.org, +41 (0)22 979 38 00
International Service for Human Rights (ISHR), International
Michelle Evans, michelle.evans@ishrny.org, +1-212-490-2199
Kaos Gay Lesbian Cultural Research and Solidarity Association, Turkey
Hayriye Kara, hayriye@kaosgl.org, +90 (312) 230 03 58
The Norwegian Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Organisation (LLH), Norway
Bård Nylund, bard@llh.no, +47 23103939
Organización de Transexuales por la Dignidad de la Diversidad (OTD), Chile
Andrés Rivera Duarte, andresrivera@transexualesdechile.org, +56-72-229660
RFSL The Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights, Sweden
Ulrika Westerlund, ulrika.westerlund@rfsl.se, +46-70-345 01 83
Russian LGBT Network, Russia
Maria Kozlovskaya, maria.k@lgbtnet.ru, +7 (812) 454 64 52
SAYONI, Singapore
Jean Chong, jean@sayoni.com, +65 9747 5756
Moses Mulindwa, manyagwa2000@yahoo.com, +256782854391
SPoD, Social Policies, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Studies Association, Turkey
Onur Fidangul, international@spod.org.tr, +90 534 080 75 47
TLF Share, Philippines
Jonas Bagas, jonasbagas@gmail.com
Transgender Europe (TGEU), International
Carla LaGata, carla@tgeu.org, +49-176-39509277
Women for Women's Human Rights (WWHR), Turkey
Pinar Ilkkaracan, pinar.ilkkaracan@boun.edu.tr

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