|Alessia Valenza, ILGA-Asia|
Overview on some organisations who worked on Violence against LBT women
Overview on the organisations who worked on violence against LBT women.
IGLHRC gathered reports on violence against LBT women from 10 countries in Asia last May 2009 as phase 1 of a 2-year project they are undertaking to address violence against women.
Lesbians, bisexual women and transgender (LBT) people in Asia experience forced institutionalization in mental rehabilitation clinics, electro shock treatment as aversion therapy, sexual harassment in school and at work, threats of rape to make you straight, school expulsions, eviction by landlords, police kidnapping, family violence, and media stigmatization. Lesbians face discrimination in the workplace because of their gender and their sexual orientation. Employment and job promotions are denied if women look too masculine. Male coworkers stalk and sexually harass lesbians who cannot report for fear of backlash and retaliation. Transgender/gender variant people are marginalized in their jobs, and are targeted for blackmail, harassment, and sexual violence from the community or people in positions of authority like the police. Activists who defend the rights of LBT people experience threats to their safety, in some cases, harassment, attacks, even torture and abuse, with police participating in or doing nothing to stop these violations. (...)
China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan (…)
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A survey conducted by the Malta Gay Rights Movement in 2008 on violence against LBT women. Stories of violence and harassment on LBT women in Malta.
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Assessment of the role of non-governmental organizations of mitigating inter-state lesbian issues: a case study in neighbouring state of Rwanda, Gasabo district – Rwanda.
In 2008 RWANDA saw increasing state homophobic attacks which was deliberately planned and systematically executed, resulting in the brutal mass discrimination and injustice leveled against people of diverse sexual orientation and gender identity. This homophobic attacks targeted mainly women who demonstrated plurality in sexual orientation and gender identity, which means that among the survivors there were also thousands of Lesbian girls. Rwandan women and young girls not only witnessed the torture and death they also suffered destruction and looting of their homes and property, but they were also subjected to extreme and brutal forms of sexual violence which resulted many of them victims of HIV/AIDS. Sexual violence was used to humiliate, degrade, and violate these women, and in many cases it was done before, during or after witnessing the murder of their loved one. (…)
Download the full report on ILGA’s website
Discrimination and violence against LBT people in Kyrgyzstan: These everyday humiliations
Violence against women and girls in families is generally high in Kyrgyzstan. Labrys' research found that many lesbians and transgender men's experiences of domestic violence begin as children in their natal home. However in adolescence, a girl's refusal to conform to cultural understandings of sexuality and "femininity" becomes a force and fact behind the kinds of abuse that she may suffer (…)
The experience of Lesbians and Bisexual Women in Northern Ireland
As in every society, Lesbians and Bisexual Women suffer a ‘double discrimination’ in society i.e. gender and sexual orientation. They experience of what is termed the ‘violence of enforced invisibility’ as a result of homophobia in all aspects of their daily lives. (…)
“Common Language” conducted a national survey about the domestic violence against lesbian and bisexual women in China, aiming to draw attention to the more marginalized women being harmed by domestic violence, and calling for a broader coverage of the future domestic violence legislation. The research was stared in 2007 and finished in 2009. There is no national law against domestic violence in Mainland China. Although some serious cases have been reported by public media, the society in general has not paid enough attention. (…)
Read the overview in English
The publication focuses on urgent issues of gay and lesbian liberation, taking a historical perspective and reflecting worldwide geographic diversity.
In 2009 homophobia appears to be the last accepted prejudice (…). From subtle discrimination to imprisonment, torture, the death penalty and murder: human rights violations against sexual minorities are carried out on a daily basis around the world, not least by governments, in breach of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, promulgated since 1948. In some eighty countries, gays and lesbians are still regarded as criminals, sometimes awaiting life imprisonment or the death penalty. Not even recognized as human beings, they can be denied rights covered by the whole range of human rights legislation.
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The Netherlands - RozeLinks
In 2006 The Rutgers Nisso Groep (Dutch expert centre on sexuality) did a large-population study on sexual and reproductive health in The Netherlands. Also, in depth analyses were done in several publications on the situation of LB women. (…)
Participants were asked about the person who gave a negative reaction, if this has happened during the past 12 months.
These participants were also asked what kinds of reaction it was: openly disapproved; name-calling, making hurtful remarks, joking, sexual remarks, gossips, etc…
The study investigates whether received negative reactions have an impact on their well-being. It showed that those women who received negative reactions report a worse mental health. This relationship works out the same for both bisexual and for lesbian women.
The study found that having had negative reactions is, among lesbian and bisexual women, related to lower levels of sexual satisfaction, sexual coercion victimization and sexual health care need. (…).
ILGA-Europe finalised a report on violence against LBT women in Europe. In addition to giving some facts and figures coming from various countries (UK, France, Albania, Turkey) it also makes a few recommendations to be submitted to the Council of Europe.
Submission to the Council of Europe ad hoc committee on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (…)