The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a new Human Rights peer review monitoring tool established by the United Nations in 2006. By the end of the first four-year cycle in 2011 all the 192 States were reviewed.
The second cycle started in 2012. In the next four and a half years it will review 42 States each year. At the end of the second cycle all 193 States (including the newly recognised South Sudan) will be reviewed.
In 2012 the organisation UPR Info started organising pre-session awareness raising meetings with country missions in Geneva and some human rights groups who submitted an UPR NGO report.
The15th session of the UPR in January 2013 will review Botswana together with thirteen other countries.